* Copyright by ANME e.V.

This list should be an orientation registering several usual and well-known CAM-therapies in Europe. It is actually not complete, and indeed, it never will be complete, because CAM is developing itself by practicing and researching. The term “Traditional Medicine” (see under T ) is politically used by the WHO for natural healing systems. All kinds of diagnosis are not accounted.

**Complementary and Alternative Medicine

CAM**- Mapping


  • Alexander technique
  • Anthroposophic Medicine
  • Anthroposophic Healing
  • Antihomotoxicologic Therapy/Dr.Reckeweg
  • Astrologic Medicine
  • Autogenous Training
  • Ayurveda (Traditional Indian Medicine)


  • Bach-Flowers-Therapy
  • Biochemical Therapy by Schüßler
  • Bioenergetic Work/Lowen
  • Bioresonancetherapy
  • Breathe Therapy
  • Brain-Gym


  • Chelation therapy
  • Chiropractice
  • Colon-Hydro-Therapy
  • Color-Acupuncture by Mandel
  • Colortherapy
  • Cranio-Sacral-Therapy


  • Didgeridoo-healing/Atarte-Therapy
  • Dietical therapies /Nutrition


  • Ear-Acupuncture/Nogier
  • Electroacupuncture/VOLL
  • Energetical photontherapy
  • Energy-medicine
  • Eye-Acupuncture/Boell


  • Fasting Cure
  • Feldenkraistherapy
  • F. X. Mayr-Cure /Dietical Treatment


  • Galvanotherapy
  • Gemstone Therapy


  • Herbalism
  • Hildegard-Medicine/ Hildegard v.Bingen
  • Homeopathy, classic
  • Homeopathic complextherapy
  • Humoural procedures/cupping,leaches,blood-letting etc.
  • Hydrotherapy /Priessnitz
  • Hyperthermie/medical fever therapy
  • Hypnosis for healing


  • Isopathy by Enderlein/Sanum


  • Kinesiology
  • KNEIPP-Therapy (the five pillars)






  • Laser-Acupuncture
  • Laughing-Yoga
  • Light+Lasertherapy
  • Lymphdrainage


  • Magnetic-Field-Therapy
  • Manual therapies (eg.massage)
  • Meditation
  • Microbiological Therapy
  • Mitochondrial therapy


  • Neuraltherapy/Hunecke
  • NPS-O- Paintherapy by Siener


  • Orgontherapy/Reich
  • Orthomolecular Medicine
  • Osteopathy
  • Oxygentherapy
  • Ozonetherapy


  • Painting Therapy
  • Physical medicine
  • Phytotherapy
  • Proprioceptive and biomechanical therapy


  • Qigong


  • Reflexology
  • Reiki
  • Rolfing


  • Shamanism
  • Shiatsu
  • Shinrin Yoku
  • Siddhu
  • Spagyric Medicine
  • Spiritual Healing


  • Tai Chi
  • Traditional Medicine/TM
    • Ayurveda
    • Naturopathy
    • Traditional Chinese Medicine /TCM / TCM
    • Traditional Ocidential Medicine /TAM
    • Traditional Oriental Medicine
    • Traditional European Healing /TEH
    • Traditional European Medicine /TEM
    • Traditional European Natural Medicine /TEN
    • Traditional Japanese Medicine
    • Traditional Thai Medicine
    • Traditional Tibetan Medicine


  • Unani-Medicine


  • Yogatechniques


  • Zilgrei

Variety of Treatments

Today there are over eighty different complementary methods and alternative treatments. This also includes independent healing systems from different cultures and traditions. A common basis and unifying link throughout is holistic thinking.


For a Free and Healthy Europe

While the foundation for European legislation is under the control of the national states, together our states work to promote the free choice of therapy, choice of practitioner, and the option for self-care and self-help/improvement in both the public and private market.


Who We Are and What We Do

As a European umbrella organization, ANME works on behalf of the common interests of citizens, patients, therapists, and manufacturers in the field of remedies and natural healing methods. We build capacity and raise awareness about the scope and versatility of and for natural medicine.

Alternative, complementary or traditional?

Pan-European explorative study of the knowledge about and usage of terms for diverse offers and services on the health market 2020/2021

Summary by Susanne Löhner-Jokisch – Renate Köchling-Dietrich

There is no unity to these terms. The diversity of contents, concepts and methods cannot be subsumed under one common term derived from scientific discourse or public health policy, even though there is a pronounced desire for common ground, basis and acceptance. There is a need for urgent action of all parties involved.

In political discourse, use of the term „CAM“, proposed by the ANME e.V. – the Association for Natural Medicine in Europe – has become less and less common during the past years. Today the terms „CM“ (Complementary Medicine), „IM“ (Integrative Medicine“) as well as „T&CM“ (the latter, Traditional and Complementary Medicine, following the terms used by the World Health Organization) are more commonly used. This change in parlance has prompted the idea of conducting a survey that aims to help sort out which terms are actually being used by our members and other practitioners and service providers as well as the stance ANME e.V. is to take and advocate for in future European politics.

Please continue reading in the PDF